Mold Ancestry

Middleton Cheney Militia List 1762

The Militia List

 The Militia can be likened to the present day Territorial Army. In Saxon times communities were liable to supply men and weapons to fight when necessary and this practice continued for several centuries. In 1551 the control of the Militia for each county was given to newly created officials called the King's Lieutenants who, as they were usually Noblemen, eventually became called Lord Lieutenants.

 After the Jacobite Rebellion of 1745/6 and with the threat of invasion from France an Act of Parliament was passed in 1757 which re -established the Militia as a local defence force.

 Parishes were grouped together for the purpose of providing men for a company in each Militia Regiment, which usually covered a whole county. The constables had to provide an annual list of all men in their parish between the ages of 18 and 50 (amended to 45 in 1762) who could be 'conscripted' into the Militia by ballot. Each county and parish had a quota of conscripts to provide and could be fined if they were not forthcoming. If there were men willing to volunteer the ballot was not used, or only used in part to provide the requisite number of men. Peers of the realm, clergymen, articled clerks, apprentices, seamen, soldiers, parish constables and those who had already served were exempt. In some ballots Quakers, licensed teachers, judges and medical practitioners were also exempt. Although the men in these exempted groups were supposed to be recorded by the constable when he drew up his return, this was not always carried out. Exemption could also be granted on the grounds of infirmity or poverty as, if these persons were called upon to serve, their wives and children would have to be provided for out of the poor rates.

 Once the constable had drawn up the list it would be displayed in the parish – usually in a public place, such as the church door. Those who wished to object to their inclusion and provide a reason for exemption – the constable would probably have noted those who were exempt on the grounds of the Acts of Parliament – were given a place and a date for their appeals to be heard by the Magistrate.  In the case of Middleton Cheney, this took place at 'The Three Coneys Inn' at Thorpe Mandeville.

 For the poor there was probably little chance of escaping service. For those who had some money it was possible to pay someone else to take your place. This was called “serving by substitute” and the men listed in this way are exempt from the ballot because they are deemed to have served or be serving in the Militia.


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New site additions

28 September 2010

Parish Fugitive to the Lord of the Manor

William Horton & Frame Work Knitters


20 September 2010

Playing Fields or Battle Fields added to Molds & MC

17 August 2010

New picture added to Graveyard Project see Ralph Churton Rector of MC

3 June 2010

New photo album in the gallery, Graveyard Project


Mold entries New Burial Ground 1925-1967

20 May 09

Middleton Cheney School page

Photo additions in the gallery

Militia list on Molds & Middleton Cheney page

Old & new maps on Molds & Middleton Cheney page


21 May 09

Photo of MC Cricket Club on Arthur Mold page

Poster of MC Cricket match in 1860 on Arthur Mold page

New photo album, Village life

New photos added to John Mold & Emma Moore album

23 May 09

War Memorial page link on Molds & Middleton Cheney page
26 May 09

New entry on War Memorial page -Harry Walter Mold

27 May 09

1851 census Mold families in MC on Molds & Middleton Cheney page

MC parish record baptisms 1706-1800 on Molds & Middleton Cheney page

28 May 09 original parish record of James Mold marriage to Mary Clarke on Molds & MC page


Jeremiah Mold page link on Molds & MC page

4 Jun 09

New photos added to TG Mold album on photo gallery courtesy of Grahame Mold

15 Jun 09

Road names of MC & memories of MC added to Molds & Middleton Cheney page

Mold families in 1871 census

22 Jul 09

PDF file of MC Baptist church records added to Molds & MC page

25 Aug 09

Photograph of Fanny Mold added to photo gallery page

 3 Sep 09

Early  Wills page link added via Molds & Middleton Cheney page & link to the lost village of Stuchbury on the Wills page

4 Oct 09

New photo album added to Gallery of Mary Ann Mold's (1840) descendants, and 2 new pictures added to Village life album

24 Feb 10

'Things that go bump in the night' pdf file added to Molds & MC page

9 May 10

Flower Festival 1863 newspaper clipping & image of The Holt home of the Horton family added to Molds & MC page.

27 May 10

Newspaper clippings link dated c.1880 concerning TG Mold added to Molds & MC page

22 Jun 10

New Mold Burial Ground records 1925 -1967 (pdf file) on Molds & MC page

20 Sep 10

Newspaper pdf file of Middleton Cheney playing fields added to Molds & MC page

28 Sep 10 PDF file on William Horton added to Molds & MC page

23 Oct 10

In Search of Sarah Louisa after 1912, can anyone help ? added to forum