In the name of God amen, the year of out Lord God one thousand five hundred 36, the 14th day of February, I John Mole of the parish of Chacombe do make my testament and last will as hereafter followeth;
First I bequeath my soul to Almighty God and to all the holy company of heaven, my body to be buried in the churchyard of Chacombe.
Item I bequeath to the mother church of Lincoln 3d
Item to the high altar of Chacombe my parish church for tithes forgotten 4d.
Item to the 4 principal lights in our church, to every one of them 4d.
Item to Saint George light 2d
Item to the "meydyns " [ maiden's} light 2d
Item to the "Tressill" 2d
Item for one trental of masses 10s to be said for me at the discretion of my Executrix
Item my cart to Nicholas my son, a "heckforth" [heifer?] 2 years old and 6 sheep
Item to Thomas 4 sheep and a calf of one year old
Item to William my son two sheep and a calf of one year old
Item to John my son 2 sheep and I will that these 3 young sons shall have the goods delivered at 12 years old if they live so long and I will that my eldest son Nicholas to have his cattle delivered to him before his mother do marry. If she marry before he be 12 years old and if it please God that one of my 4 children die or they be 12, I will those that live to have the others part.
Item the residue of my goods not bequeathed I give unto Cristian my wife whom I make my full Executrix and she to dispose for the health of my soul as she shall think best and I will that Thomas Sabyn, Thomas Taber and William Langley to be overseers of this my will, that it be done. Written in my own house, Witness Sir Roger Norman my "gostly" father, Peter Gardener with other "moo"
In the name of God amen, the twentieth day of February in the year of our Lord God one thousand five hundred fourscore and eleven, I John Mole of Sulgrave in the county of Northampton, gentleman, being sick and diseased in body, yet of good and perfect remembrance, God be praisd, concerning the certainty of death and of the uncertainty of the time thereof, that I may be the less encumbered with this world and the troublesome cares and molestations of the same at such time as it shall seem good to the Almighty to call me to his mercy, do therefore constitute and make this my last testament containing therein my last will in manner and form following;
First and principally I humbly beseech my Almighty and merciful father of heaven to receive my soul to his mercy and I will that my body be seemly buried as mine Executors shall think good.
Also I will and devise that my Excutors shall well and truly pay and discharge all my debts by specialty or otherwise that may be justly proved with all convenient speed they may.
Also I will and devise to the mother church of Peterborough twelve pence and towards the repairing of the parish church in Sulgrave aforesaid twleve pence.
Also I will and devise to every one of my servants being in service with me at the time of my decease twelve pence apiece.
And whereas I have have made a lease unto my good friends in trust, Robert Washington, Crescent Buttery, Edward Yorke, and Thomas Chamberlain, gentlemen, and unto Peter Dodwell my shepherd, of my close of pasture called The Gatheridge Close otherwise The Bushy Close and the meadows thereunto belonging with the appurtenances in Stuttesbury for the term of one and twenty years, the true intent and meaning of which said lease is, and also my mind and will is that the said lease and the stock of cattle now being in and upon the said Gatheridge Close shall be to the use and behoof of Mary Mole my well beloved wife during her widows estate for and towards the virtuous education and bringing up of my children.
And if the said Mary my wife shall happen to marry again, then I will and devise unto her forty pounds a year during her life to be yearly issuing out of the said Gatheridge Close with the appurtenances, payable unto her at the Feast of Saint Michael the Archangel and the Annunciation of the Virgin Mary by even portions and from and after the marriage of the said Mary my wife then the residue of the years to come in the said lease and the stock of cattle in and upon the said Gatheridge Close to be to the use of mine Executors for and towards the payment and discharging of my debts and legacies hereafter following,
And whereas also I have made one other lease of my close of pasture called The Middlefield and of the meadow thereunto belonging in "Stotisburie" aforesaid unto my friends the said Robert Washington, Crescent Buttery, Edward Yorke, Thomas Chamberlain and Peter Dodwell for the term of six years. The true intent and meaning of which said lease is and also my full mind and will is that the said lease and the stock of cattle now being in and upon the said Middlefield shall be to the use and behoof of mine Executors for and towards the payment of my debts and legacies hereafter named
Also I do will and devise that Mary my well beloved wife shall have and occupy the house wherein I now dwell and all the lands tenements and hereditaments thereunto belonging in Sulgrave aforesaid for and during her widow's estate.
And whereas I lately purchased the said house and lands and as yet have not the assurance made to me thereof my will is therefore that the assurance and conveyance thereof shall be made unto George Mole my eldest son and to his heirs so that he the said George Mole my son do pay unto my said Executors the sum of three hundred pounds or else put them in good security for the payment of the said three hundred pounds unto them at such time or times as they shall think good for and towards the discharging of my debts and legacies.
But if my said son George Mole do not pay unto my said Executors the said sum of three hundred pounds or else put them in good security for the same, then I will that the assurance of my said house and lands in Sulgrave which I lately purchased shall be made unto mine Executors and then they to sell the said house and lands towards the payments of my debts and legacies.
Also I will and devise unto my sons William Mole, Francis Mole and John Mole and to every of them one hundred marks apiece to be paid unto them at the several ages of one and twenty years.
Also I will and devise unto Edward Mole my son the sum of one hundred pounds to be paid unto him at his full age of one and twenty years.
Also I do will and devise unto Ann Mole, Elizabeth Mole, Jane Mole and Mary Mole, my daughters and to every of them the sum of one hundred pounds apiece of current English money to be paid unto them at their several ages of eighteen years at or in my now dwelling house in Sulgrave aforesaid
Also I will that Mary my said wife shall bring up all my said children and fund[?] them with all kind of necessaries during her widowhood as well in good learning as otherwise
Also I will and devise unto Mary my said wife all my household stuff and plate to use & dispose at her pleasure.
Provided always and my will is that if George Mole my son do at any time after my decease put in and make sufficient security to my Executors for the sure and true payment of all my debts and of all my legacies, bequests and devises in this my last will and testament, willed and devised in manner and form foresaid to the good liking of my Executors or the greatest part of them according to my true meaning herein, that then the said...... .... of the foresaid two closes of pasture and the stock of cattle in and upon the said closes to be to the use and behoof of the said George Mole my son, his heirs and Assignees forever
Also I do further will and devise that if Mary my said wife do marry or depart this present life before the aforesaid lease made of the aforesaid Gatheridge Close for one and twenty years be ended and expired, that then from and after the marriage or death of the said Mary my wife or which of them shall first happen, the residue of the years therein unexpired and the said stock of cattle in and upon the said Gatheridge Close and all other my goods and "Cattells" whatsoever in this my last will and testament not given bequeathed or devised, shall be to the use and behoof of mine Executors for and towards the payments and discharging of my debts and legacies
And of this my last will and testament, I do make and ordain my trusty and dear friends Robert Washington of Sulgrave aforesaid, Crescent Buttery of Lawrence Marston, Edward Yorke of "Horneley", Thomas Chamberlain of Plumpton, gentlemen, and Peter Dodwell my servant, mine Executors most earnestly entreating and desiring them to see this my last will and testament performed & accomplished according to my true meaning and the faithful trust and confidence I repose in them for the full Execution and performance thereof
And I utterly revoke "adnull" and make void all other former gifts, legacies, wills, executors and overseers heretofore by me made, willed or appointed.
In witness whereof to these presents I have put my hand and seal the twentieth day of February in the four and thirtieth year of the reign of our Sovereign Lady Elizabeth by the grace of God of England, France and Ireland, Queen, Defender of the Faith etc John Mole
Sealed delivered and pronounced and published as the last will and testament of the said John Mole in the presence of Fulke Buttery, Edmond Barker, George Wilkenson.
Probate granted February 1594
George Molle Sept 18th 1628
I am bound at Mr. Marvoes, a scrivener in Cornhill, London for £200, Mr Rookes is bound with me and my son Sheppard and my self are bound to save him harmless. I owe to the poor of Culworth £100, my brother Emly is bound with me and hath my bond to save him harmless. These are all the debts that I can remember to be my own proper debts that ought to be paid out of my own estate, viz., £300 I am bound at Mr. Childs a scrivener near Polles with Mr. Kerke and Mr. Haverchampe for £100. The debt is Mr. Kerkes and Mr Haverchampe hath Mr. Kerkes bond to save us harmless I am bound for some monies for my brother Blencoe for which I think I have his bond to save me harmless.
I am bound to Sir George Throgmorton for £500 but the debt is but £300, my brother Blencoe and my brother Emely are bound with me and have my bonds to save them harmless. The debt is due to be paid by my brother Edward, he had the money and hath paid the interest for it many years, and I have security from my brother and Mr. Bainbrig and Mr. Sill to save me harmless from that debt and divers other that I am bound for at Mr. Childes. Besides I have judgement of £600 against Mr. Bainbrigg which will clear my estate of all those debts. My own estate is in lands, goods, and debts due unto me for my goods that are in cattle and debts made for any goods that have been sold my servant John Thomas and my [son?] Sheppard can give account, other parts of debts due to me are partly in England, partly abroad. My estate at Hamburgh in Mr. Cradock's hands, my son Lenthall hath the account. I hope Mr Cradock's account will be £400, part of my estate is in Mr. James Mungers hands for which I have his bonds, it is near £500, part of my estate is in Mr Duncans hands of Exeter, for which I have his account, some small matter of it will be due to my son Sheppard, as the account betwixt him and my self under my hand will manifest. I expect there to be due to me above £500. Part of my estate in Mr. Benedict Webb's hands for which I have both and Indenture and bonds from himself and his son, I know there is due to me by Mr. Webbs own relation to me above £800, John Thomas knows the state of the business, and I doubt not Mr. Webb will deal honestly with me and mine, Mr Light oweth me £30, Mr. Merefield [Morefield ?] hath the bond, Mr Merefield oweth me £230, My Honorable the good Lord, the Earl Carlisle did bestow this upon me and I caused the bonds to be taken in my son Lenthalls name because there is one hundred pounds due from me to him for which he hath my bond also, so that one hundred pounds being paid, the rest is due to me, so that there will rest due to me £130, Mr. Calkott Chambers oweth me due at St Michael last £200 and he doth owe me for the bearance of this against my will and for divers other sums due from him formerly that I have paid the interest which he hath kept the money in his hands more that comes to £L 20 so due £120. One Carter a lighterman doth owe me about £50, I have a judgement against him, it is in Mr. Junipers [Jumpers] hands. I put into the ..... stock £100 I put at one time into this St Christophers stock of my own £100. There are divers debts for goods and provisions for the St Christophers voyage, that I did cause my son Lenthall to give bills for us namely to Mr. Foote in Gro... Street £43.11s.3d.
To Mr Major £32
To Mr. Haughton £54.11s.5d
To Mr. Munger for board £14.11s.4d.
To Mrs Ebb £27
To Mr. Meade in Cornhill £64..15s.
To Mr. Luther L 13.13s.9d.
To Mr. Viole an oilman £11.9s.4d
To Mr. Jones for cordage for the ship £58.14s.9d.
To Mr. Davis £68..11s.8d. Total £458.10s. 4d.
Mr. Haverchampe did give his word to divers others for the like sum or thereabout. All which are to be discharged out of the return and proceeds of the goods which are now in safety God his blessing in the ship, and ensured in the ensurance office in London, Mr Thomas Davies hath the "Pollecyon" [policy]
My lands at Stutsbury and Culworth, those of Stutsbury are in fee simple, my house and the first purchase in Culworth, my wife is joint purchaser for her life
And the remainder to me in fee, Garners land is bought and paid for, but I have no assurance of it, he hath promised by his letters to make me assurance and likewise by articles under his hand and seal, which Mr. Robbins Mr Crewe's man hath in keeping,
Now my will and desire is that my lands and goods aforesaid should be thus disposed, my wife to have my house and lands at Culworth wherein she is joint purchaser according to that grant during her life, and likwise to have the Gallows field in Stutsbury with the meadows thereunto belonging during her life.
My son John to have the rest of my lands in Stutsbury called the Gattridge Close with the meadows thereunto belonging during his life.
And after his decease to Francis his wife during her life.
The remainder of all my lands in Stutsbury to the heirs males of the body of my said son John forever, and for want of such heirs, to the heirs males of the body of me the said George Mole, and so to the heirs males of the body of every one of my sons respectively as they are in age beginning at the eldest and so to the younger as they are in age, one before the other.
And for want of such heirs to the heirs generals of the body of my other said sons successively as aforesaid. And for want of such issue to the heirs generals of me the said George Mole forever.
The remainder of my house and lands at Culworth aforesaid wherein my wife hath interest, I give in manner and form as my Stutsbury lands aforesaid, my house and lands lately purchased of Garner, I give to my son William for his education till he be twenty and one years old (if he live so long) and after to my son John and his heirs and to the rest in manner and form as my lands formerly given, only my will is that if my son John will pay to my son Will £20 yearly and so after the rate quarterly for his education, then my son John shall have the said lands and houses in present possession
And likewise if my son John should die and leave his wife a widow and my wife be then living, my will is that the wife of my son John shall have the said house and land in Culworth bought of Garner, paying £20 per annum as aforesaid,
And after that payment shall end, then to have it during her life as an addition to her other jointure, the remainder over as aforesaid; for my goods, my will is that
First all my debts shall be justly discharged, then the remainder as they can be gotten in to be equally distributed amongst all my children unmarried except George Molle my son vizt.,
unto Nathaniell Molle, to William Molle my sons, at their age of twenty one years L 10, Obedience Molle, Truth Molle and Lidia Molle my daughters when they shall accomplish their age of twenty years or within six months after the days of their marriage
And likewise what proceeds may be with honesty and the endeavours of good friends be made of it in the meantime for their education
And all my household stuff and plate I give to my wife,
My estate in the West Indies to my son George
And when I shall return into England I give unto him one hundred pounds more, provided that he make a release of any further claim or interest to any of my goods to my Executors and that his return be within ten years next ensuing these presents, provided always and my will is that if my estate shall amount unto that sum, that my five younger children aforesaid and together ....... may receive to their own particular uses, five hundred pounds apiece, then my will is that out of the remainder my daughter Lenthall and my daughter Scrase? shall have each of them fifty pounds apiece..
And the remainder to be equally divided amongst all my children but above and before all, my will and desire is that my debts being paid, there is given out of my estate to Mr. Dod and Mr Clover [?] ministers at Ashby and Drayton, by whom my soul hath often received sweet comfort five pounds apiece of current English money
And to the poor of Culworth, Morton, Sulgrave, Helmdon, and Eydon to every town, forty shillings
And to my servants John Thomas, John Bell and John Ryton five pounds apiece.
And within one year after my decease, they to have a general release and discharge for any accounts concerning my business, more then they can be justly charged withall
I appoint to be sole Executor of this my last will and testament my dearly beloved wife Anne Molle whose faithfulness I well know, and so declare this to be my last will and testament,
by me George Molle. In the presence of Henry Ashton, Thomas Edes
Probate granted February 1628
After passing another tune to Greatworth, the old railway line is crossed and Greatworth Hall is seen to the right, but it is on the opposite side of the road that the greatest interest lies for here is a very large meadow called the Gallows Field. It was in this field bordering the Welsh Lane that the gallows stood and where cattle thieves were hung. Gallows Field lay in the parish of Stuchbury, which was originally in the hundred of Eadboldesstowe but is now in the hundred of Kings Sutton. It was here in this field that a courthouse stood where doubtless judgement on cattle thieves was passed and until late in the nineteenth century a mound denoted the site of the old building. John Mole of Stuchbury, who was related by marriage to the Washingtons of Sulgrave, was at one time the magistrate.
In the name of God Amen, the year of our Lord 1523, I Margaret Molle of Chacombe, sick in body but whole of mind make my testament in this manner
First I bequeath my soul to Almighty God & to our Lady Saint Mary & to all the holy company of heaven & my body to be buried in the churchyard of Chacombe
Item I bequeath to the mother church of Lincoln 2d
Item I bequeath to the hight altar 2d
Item I bequeath to our lady my best kerchief
Item I bequeath to the five lights five strike of barley
Item I bequeath to Peter my son a pot, a pan, a pair of sheets, a coverlet
Item the residue of my goods not bequeathed I bequeath to Henry my son & make Henry my son my sole Executor my Lord ...or overseer to dispose my goods for the health of my soul.
Written at Chacombe the 7th day of July. To? this records Sir Roger Norman, Peter Tymys, John Moll with other